Greetings in the name of our Lord and God and Savior, Jesus Christ!
We welcome you to the website of St. Nicholas Orthodox Church. The purpose of this website is to provide an introduction to the Orthodox Church and to our parish, and to provide resources for our members. We come from a variety of backgrounds, and always welcome visitors to our services, which are all in English. If you are a first-time visitor or have any questions regarding the Orthodox Church or our parish, please feel free to contact our priest. We invite you to browse this website, and to "come and see," joining us in worship of the Holy Trinity: Father, Son and Holy Spirit.
What: 4th Ecumenical Council
When: 451 AD
Where: Chalcedon, near Constantinople
Who: Under Emperor Marcian. 630 Bishops were present.
Why: to clarify the truth from the monophysite heresy
The Council was concerned, once again, with the nature of Jesus Christ. The teaching arose that Christ's human nature (less perfect) dissolved itself in His divine nature (more perfect): like a cube of sugar in a post of water. Thus, in reality, Christ had only one nature, the Divine. Hence, the term: Monophysites ("mono", one and "physis", "nature".) Monophysitism overemphasized the divine nature of Christ, at the expense of the human.
The Council condemned Monophysitism and proclaimed that Christ has two complete natures: the divine and the human, as defined by previous Councils. These two natures function without confusion, are not divided nor separate (against Nestorius), and at no time did they undergo any change (against Eutyches: Monophysites).